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Parkinsons Stem Cell Therapy

Today, advances in research are providing new hope to people affected by Parkinson's. Parkinson Stem Cell Therapies are being studied for their effectiveness in improving conditions in patients suffering from Parkinson's Disease.

Parkinsons Stem Cell Therapy

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Common Parkinson Stem Cell Therapy Questions


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What is Parkinsons Disease?

Parkinson's disease occurs when there is a problem with certain nerve cells in the brain. The disease affects the way you move.

Normally, these types of nerve cells make an important chemical called dopamine. Dopamine sends signals to the part of your brain that controls movement. It lets your muscles move smoothly and do what you want them to do. When you have Parkinson’s, these nerve cells break down. Then you no longer have enough dopamine, and you have trouble moving the way you want to.

Parkinson’s is progressive, which means it gets worse over time. But usually this happens slowly, over a period of many years. And there are good treatments that can help you live a full life.

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What are some Parkinson's Facts:

The Michael J Fox Foundation for Parkinson's provides the following facts about Parkinson's Disease:

  • Parkinson's Disease affects one in 100 people over age 60
  • Lesser known symptoms of Parkinson's include : depression, apathy, fatigue, and dementia
  • Parkinson's is caused by the death of Dopamine cells. Nearly 60% to 80% of these cells are already lost by the time motor symptoms appear
  • The exact cause of Parkinson's is unknown, but, both genetics and enviroment are causes.
  • Today, an estimated one million people in the united States and more than five million people in the world are living with Parkinson's Disease
  • 3 out of 5 Americans will suffer from a nervous-system disease such as Parkinson's or Alzheimer's
  • Reaserchers are investigating potential early symptoms, such as impaired sense of smell, certain sleep disorders, constipation and unusual fatigue
  • Todays best Parkinson's drug was discovered in 1967
  • Dyskinesia is often mistaken for a symptom of Parkinson's disease, but it actually is a side effect of Parkinson's Treatment. Many patients consider Dyskinesia to be as dibilitating as the disease
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What happens to the body of people suffering from Parkinsons?

The diagnosis of PD depends upon the presence of one or more of the four most common motor symptoms of the disease.

  • Primary Motor Symptoms
    • Resting Tremor: - Slight tremor (shaking or oscillating movement) in the hand or foot on one side of the body, or in the jaw or face and usually appears when a person's muscles are relaxed, or at rest (not performing an action).
    • Bradykinesia: - Bradykinesia (slow movement) A general reduction of spontaneous movement, which can give the appearance of abnormal stillness and a decrease in facial expressivity. Causes difficulty with repetitive movements and performing everyday functions, such as buttoning a shirt, cutting food or brushing teeth, walking with short, shuffling steps, affect on ones speech; quieter and less distinct, drooling and excess saliva result from reduced swallowing movements.
    • Rigidity: - Rigidity causes stiffness and inflexibility of the limbs, neck and trunk. The muscle tone of an affected limb is always stiff and does not relax, sometimes contributing to a decreased range of motion. Rigidity can be uncomfortable or even painful and inhibits the swinging of arms when walking.
    • Postural Instability: - Postural Instability (a tendency to be unstable when standing upright) is caused by uncontrollable reflexes needed for maintaining an upright posture that can cause particular difficulty when pivoting or making turns or quick movements. It can also cause retropulsion (a dangerous tendency to sway backwards when rising from a chair, standing or turning).
  • Secondary Motor Symptoms
    • Freezing - Freezing of gait; hesitation before stepping forward is a manifestations of akinesia (poverty of spontaneous movement). The feeling as if their feet are glued to the floor can increase a person’s risk of falling forward.
    • Micrographia - Micrographia (shrinkage in handwriting). This occurs as a result of bradykinesia (slow movement) and hypokinesia (which refer to the fact that, in addition to being slow, the movements are also smaller than desired).
    • Mask-like Expression - Face appearing less expressive than usual is a manifestations of akinesia (poverty of spontaneous movement [e.g. in facial expression]).
    • Unwanted Accelerations - Unwanted Acceleration is the experience of movements that are too quick causing tachyphemia (excessively fast speech) and festination (an uncontrollable acceleration in gait).
    • Stooped posture - A tendency to lean forward.
    • Dystonia - A neurological movement disorder, in which sustained muscle contractions cause twisting and repetitive movements or abnormal postures.
    • Impaired fine motor dexterity and motor coordination - Encompass the abilities required to control the smaller muscles of the body for writing, playing an instrument, artistic expression, and craft work.
    • Impaired gross motor coordination - Abilities required in order to control the large muscles of the body for walking, running, sitting, crawling, and other activities.
    • Speech problems - Such as softness of voice or slurred speech caused by lack of muscle control.
    • Difficulty swallowing - Dysphagia.
    • Sexual dysfunction - Difficulty experienced during sexual activity, including physical pleasure, desire, preference, arousal or orgasm.
    • Cramping - Neural sensations caused by muscle contraction or overshortening.
    • Drooling - Sialorrhea (the flow of saliva outside the mouth).
    • Akinesia - Poverty of spontaneous movement.
    • Hypokinesia - Movements that are slow as well as smaller than desired.
  • Nonmotor Symptoms - Many researchers believe that nonmotor symptoms may precede motor symptoms — and a Parkinson’s diagnosis — by years. The most recognizable early symptoms include:
    • Anosmia - loss of sense of smell
    • Dyschezia - constipation
    • REM behavior disorder - parasomnia, a sleep disorder
    • Mood disorders - Depression, bipolar disorder, dysthymic disorder and cyclothymic disorder.
    • Orthostatic hypotension - Sudden fall in blood pressure upon standing
  • Other Nonmotor Symptoms
    • Excessive saliva
    • Weight loss
    • Weight gain
    • Vision problems
    • Dental problems
    • Fatigue
    • Depression
    • Fear and anxiety
    • Confusion
    • Dementia
    • Skin problems
    • Cognitive issues
    • Sleep disturbances
    • Bladder problems
    • Sexual problems
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What are stem cells?

Stem cells are unprogrammed cells in the human body that can replicate themselves or differentiate into other types of cells like: nerve, skin, blood, muscle, bone, cartilage and other specialized types of cells. At the forefront of Cellular Therapies, in a new field of science called Regenerative Medicine, Stem Cells have the potential to treat many conditions because of their ability to replace tissue or organs that have been damaged by disease, trauma, or congenital issues.

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How Do Stem Cells Work?

Stem cells are unspecialized cells that have the ability to become specialized cells. By following the inflammatory responses released by damaged or diseased tissues in the body, stem cells are activated to help repair and regenerate damaged cells such as nerve, skin, blood, muscle and many others.

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How Often Do We Use Our Stem Cells?

Our stem cells are utilized daily to regenerate and repair tissue that has been damaged due to age, disease or trauma.

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What Types Of Stem Cells Can We Harvest?

There are three sources of stem cells that can be harvested from a patient’s body. These sources include bone marrow, peripheral blood and adipose (fat) tissue.

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What is a stem cell therapy?

Stem cell therapy is an intervention strategy that introduces new adult stem cells into damaged tissue in order to treat disease or injury. Many medical researchers studying Cellular Therapies in Regenerative Medicine believe that stem cell therapies have the potential to change the face of human disease and alleviate suffering. Studying the ability of stem cells to self-renew and differentiate offers significant potential for tissue generation that can potentially replace diseases and damaged areas in the body, with minimal risk of rejection and side effects.

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What Is An Adipose Adult Stem Cell Procedure?

The stem cells for an adipose adult stem cell procedure are harvested by extracting the patient's adipose tissue through a procedure called mini-liposuction. This is an outpatient procedure performed under local or twilight anesthesia. During the procedure, the fat cells are extracted from the patient’s body. The extracted fat cells are then transferred to Younique Therapies onsite lab where the processing of the stem cells occur. During the processing phase, the stem cells are isolated from the fat, activated using the patient’s own growth factors derived from their PRP (platelet rich plasma) and prepared for infusion. The final stem cell product is reintroduced back to the patient intravenously (IV) and in a combination of other modalities, all dependent on the patient's specific needs. It takes approximately four to five hours to complete the entire process, from extraction to infusion.

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What Is Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP)?

Our blood contains platelets which contain hundreds of proteins called growth factors that are very important in the healing of injuries. PRP is plasma with a high concentration of platelets. Studies have shown that the increased concentration of growth factors in PRP speeds up the healing process.

We do everything in our power to make sure your visit is an enjoyable one and that you leave with exactly what you were expecting. Our mission is to provide patients with cutting-edge, result-oriented stem cell procedures while providing the highest level of customer service.

Dr. Mark M. Youssef, PSc.D
License Number/Date: L.32597229 4.19.2016
License Level: Doctor of Pastoral Science & Medicine

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